IPMI 2021 poster

Multimodal Self-Supervised Learning for Medical Image Analysis

Authors: Aiham Taleb (Digital Health Center, Hasso-plattner-institute)*; Christoph Lippert (Hasso Plattner Insitute for Digital Engineering, Universit├Ąt Potsdam); Tassilo Klein (SAP); Moin Nabi (SAP)



Self-supervised learning approaches leverage unlabeled samples to acquire generic knowledge about different concepts, hence allowing for annotation-efficient downstream task learning.
In this paper, we propose a novel self-supervised method that leverages multiple imaging modalities.
We introduce the multimodal puzzle task, which facilitates representation learning from multiple image modalities. The learned modality-agnostic representations are obtained by confusing image modalities at the data-level.
Together with the Sinkhorn operator, with which we formulate the puzzle solving optimization as permutation matrix inference instead of classification, they allow for efficient solving of multimodal puzzles with varying levels of complexity.
In addition, we also propose to utilize generation techniques for multimodal data augmentation used for self-supervised pretraining, instead of downstream tasks directly. This aims to circumvent quality issues associated with synthetic images, while improving data-efficiency and the representations learned by self-supervised methods.
Our experimental results show that solving our multimodal puzzles yields better semantic representations, compared to treating each modality independently. Our results also highlight the benefits of exploiting synthetic images for self-supervised pretraining.
We showcase our approach on three segmentation tasks, and we outperform many solutions and our results are competitive to state-of-the-art.