Authors: Lasse Hansen (University of Luebeck)*; Mattias Heinrich (University of Luebeck)
Abstract: As in other areas of medical image analysis, e.g. semantic segmentation, deep learning is currently driving the development of new approaches for image registration. Multi-scale encoder-decoder network architectures achieve state-of-the-art accuracy on tasks such as intra-patient alignment of abdominal CT or brain MRI registration, especially when additional supervision, such as anatomical labels, is available. The success of these methods relies to a large extent on the outstanding ability of deep CNNs to extract descriptive visual features from the input images. In contrast to conventional methods, the explicit inclusion of geometric information plays only a minor role, if at all. In this work we take a look at an exactly opposite approach by investigating a deep learning framework for registration based solely on geometric features and optimisation. We combine graph convolutions with loopy belief message passing to enable highly accurate 3D point cloud registration. Our experimental validation is conducted on complex key-point graphs of inner lung structures, strongly outperforming dense encoder-decoder networks and other point set registration methods. Our code is publicly available at https://github.com/multimodallearning/deep-geo-reg.